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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: A summation of the evident biomarkers when exposed to a common source of PM2.5. The diagram showing the multiple pathways at play and some of the common resulting diseases. This figure is not comprehensive however does display the most common diseases connected to PM2.5. Note that ROS and oncometabolite accumulation have a two-headed arrow. This arrowhead is indicative of a feedback effect, where the accumulation of ROS leads to an increase of oncometabolites and vice versa. *IL-8 was the most statistically significant pro-inflammatory cytokine upon exposure to PM2.5 even when considering the season. PM2.5: Particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 μm, ROS: reactive oxygen species, IL: Interleukin

Figure 1: A summation of the evident biomarkers when exposed to a common source of PM<sub>2.5</sub>. The diagram showing the multiple pathways at play and some of the common resulting diseases. This figure is not comprehensive however does display the most common diseases connected to PM<sub>2.5</sub>. Note that ROS and oncometabolite accumulation have a two-headed arrow. This arrowhead is indicative of a feedback effect, where the accumulation of ROS leads to an increase of oncometabolites and vice versa. *IL-8 was the most statistically significant pro-inflammatory cytokine upon exposure to PM<sub>2.5</sub> even when considering the season. PM<sub>2.5</sub>: Particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 μm, ROS: reactive oxygen species, IL: Interleukin